Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898)

"With Prussian dominance accomplished by 1871, Bismarck skillfully used balance of power diplomacy to maintain Germany´s position in a Europe which, despite many disputes and war scares, remained at peace. For historian Eric Hobsbawm, it was Bismarck who "remained undisputed world champion at the game of multilateral diplomatic chess for almost twenty years after 1871, [and] devoted himself exclusively, and successfully, to maintaining peace between the powers". However, his annexation of Alsace-Lorraine gave new fuel to French nationalism and promoted Germanophobia in France. This helped set the stage for the First World War. Bismarck´s diplomacy of realpolitik and powerful rule at home gained him the nickname the "Iron Chancellor". German unification and its rapid economic growth was the foundation to his foreign policy. He disliked colonialism but reluctantly built an overseas empire when it was demanded by both elite and mass opinion. Juggling a very complex interlocking series of conferences, negotiations and alliances, he used his diplomatic skills to maintain Germany´s position and used the balance of power to keep Europe at peace in the 1870s and 1880s." - ( 17.09.2019)

What we know


was born Schönhausen April 01, 1815
died Friedrichsruh July 30, 1898
official Premierminister Prussia 1862-1873, 1873-1890
official Kanzler German Reich 1871-1890


Student Berlin 1822-1827
Student Berlin 1827-1830

Sources & Mentions

Objects and visualizations


Schönhausen12.03972244262752.578609466553Place of birth db_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.07522
Friedrichsruh10.3403387069753.529460906982Place of deathdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.07522
Prussia13.40609073638952.519172668457place of actiondb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
German Reich10.65307617187550.42951965332place of actiondb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622
Berlin13.40833282470752.518333435059Place of studies // Place of studiesdb_images_gestaltung/generalsvg/place-biog.svg0.0622

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